Even the very poorest soil can be given a new life. When the soil is in excellent shape, there is a decreased need to add fertilizers or pesticides. Involves the quality of your soil involves two key processes. The first one is adding more nutrients while the second one consists in adding organic materials such as garden compost and manure to improve its structure. When you add natural materials, you make the soil airier, and this helps in root development as well as improving its drainage.
In this guide, we have provided guides on different ways you can use to improve soil fertility, be it adding manure, mulching, composite and much more.
Know Your Soil Type
The first step to implementing DIY soil care involves knowing the type of soul you are dealing with. The soil texture and pH affect the way your trees and other plants absorb nutrients in the water. Most plants flourish with a neutral pH of between 6 and 7. Note that there are others which grow best in alkaline or acidic soils. Soil texture matters a lot too. Sandy soil feels gritty while a silty soil is more like flour. Soil texture determines how well it holds water, and nutrients it needs, its drainage as well as the ease of root growth.
Improve Soil Structure
You can improve the structure of your soil with the use of organic matter. No matter the type of soil you have, its structure can be improved. You can make clay soil more porous as well as making sand soil retain more water, by adding organic elements. Addition of organic matter (decaying remains of animals and plants) the decomposing organic matter releases nutrients that are soaked up by microorganisms. Adding these elements benefit the soil structure around any vegetation.
You can improve the drainage of your soil by loosening compacted soil. If the soil is too compact, the roots will face a harder time growing. This will make water percolate more slowly into the soil translating into poor plant growth. With simple steps, you can avoid soil compacting altogether. On your lawns, create paths and walkways to minimize foot traffic. Be sure to aerate the soil every fall to improve its airflow as well as drainage. You can also work towards improving your yard drainage. You don’t need to be a professional soil expert. Only work with what you have.